Two instruments intended for flight aboard aircraft for research in advanced remote sensing of the earth are under development: the airborne imaging spectrometer (AIS) and the airborne visible-infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS). The AIS utilizes a 32 x 32 element HgCdTe CCD array to gather 10nm spectral data, initially in the 1.2 to 2.4 micron range, with 32 pixels of cross-track spatial data. The instrument acquires 128 channels of spectral data by using a grating spectrometer whose grating is stepped through four positions during a fraction of an IFOV time on the ground. With an IFOV of 2 mrad, the GIFOV at the design altitude of 3 km is 6m. The instrument has several on-board processing capabilities including ax+b corrections for detector calibration, cross-track and down-track pixel summing, spectral band summing, and variable integration time to allow flight at various altitudes and velocities. The AVIRIS uses a proven scanning mechanism to acquire the spatial data in a whisk broom mode. The spectral coverage is from 0.35 to 2.5 microns at bandwidths ranging from 10 to 20 nm.